Utilização de tecnologias educacionais pela enfermagem após infarto do miocárdio

Joana Dulce Cabral Formigosa, Jaqueline Dantas Neres Martins, Lucrecia Aline Cabral Formigosa

Resumo

Identificar a produção científica nacional e internacional acerca da utilização de tecnologias educacionais pelo enfermeiro voltada a pacientes após infarto agudo do miocárdio. Trata-se de revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada com os descritores: Myocardial Infarction, Nursing Care, Health Education e Educational Technology nas bases de dados LILACS, PUBMED e MEDLINE. A amostra final foi de 15 artigos, todos internacionais, os quais foram discutidos em duas classes: as contribuições da educação em saúde para a melhoria da qualidade de vida após o infarto agudo do miocárdio; as tecnologias educacionais como ferramenta de autogestão e adesão a terapia após o infarto agudo do miocárdio. A implantação de programas educativos de qualidade gerenciados por enfermeiros após evento coronariano, centrados em orientações, aconselhamento, suporte e incentivo as habilidades do paciente, reduz eventos secundários e promove melhor adaptação à condição de saúde, autogerenciamento e adesão ao autocuidado.

Descritores: Infarto do Miocárdio, Cuidados de Enfermagem, Educação em Saúde, Tecnologia Educacional.

 

Use of educational technologies by nursing after myocardial infarction

Abstract: To identify Brazilian and international scientific evidence about the use of educational technologies by nurses for patients after acute myocardial infarction. The integrative literature review was conducted with the descriptors: Myocardial Infarction, Nursing Care, Health Education and Educational Technology in the databases LILACS, PUBMED and MEDLINE. We found a sample of 15 articles, all international, which were discussed in two classes: health education contributions to improving the quality of life after acute myocardial infarction; technologies such as educational tool and self adherence to therapy after acute myocardial infarction. The implementation of quality educational programs managed by nurses after coronary event, focusing on guidance, advice, support and encouragement the patient's abilities, reduces secondary events and promotes better adaptation to the health condition, self-management and adherence to self-care.

Descriptors: Myocardial Infarction, Nursing Care, Health Education, Educational Technology.

 

Uso de tecnologías educativas por la enfermería después del infarto miocardio

Resumen: Identificar las evidencias cientificas nacionales y internacionales acerca del uso de tecnologías educativas por las enfermeras para los pacientes después de infarto del miocardio. Revisión de la literatura se llevó a cabo con los descriptores: infarto de miocardio, Cuidados de Enfermería, Educación para la Salud y Tecnología Educativa en las bases de datos LILACS, PubMed y MEDLINE. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 15 artículos, todos internacionales, discutidos en dos clases: las contribuciones de educación sanitaria para mejorar la calidad de vida después de un infarto de miocardio agudo; y, las tecnologías como herramienta educativa y auto adherencia a la terapia después del infarto agudo de miocardio. La implementación de programas educativos de calidad administrados por enfermeras después de un evento coronario reduce los eventos secundarios y promueve una mejor adaptación al estado de salud, el autocontrol y la adherencia al autocuidado.

Descriptores: Infarto del Miocardio, Atención de Enfermería, Educación en Salud, Tecnología Educacional.

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Referências

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