Adaptação transcultural e validação do instrumento WHOQOL-BREF para idosos de Cabo Verde/África

Autores

DOI:

10.24276/rrecien2023.13.41.378-389

Palavras-chave:

Qualidade de Vida, Enfermagem, Saúde do Idoso, Estudos de Validação

Resumo

Adaptar culturalmente e validar o instrumento The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) para idosos cabo-verdianos. Estudo transversal, realizado com 405 idosos do arquipélago de Cabo Verde. Realizou-se a adaptação transcultural do instrumento WHOQOL-BREF, segundo recomendações internacionais e sua validação para utilização no contexto Cabo-verdiano, através de análise fatorial e do alfa de Cronbach. A validade de face e conteúdo do instrumento foi considerada satisfatória mediante avaliação de comitê de especialistas e realização do pré-teste, a partir da análise fatorial, foram identificados quatro constructos: domínio I-Físico, domínio II- Ambiente, domínio III- Relações sociais e domínio IV-Sexualidade. O instrumento apresentou consistência interna satisfatória, com valores de alfa de Cronbach entre 0,67 a 0,71. Conclui-se que o WHOQOL-BREF - versão cabo-verdiana é um instrumento válido e fidedigno para ser utilizado na avaliação da qualidade de vida dos idosos cabo-verdianos.

Descritores: Qualidade de Vida, Enfermagem, Saúde do Idoso, Estudos de Validação.

 

Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the WHOQOL-BREF instrument for elderly people in Cape Verde/Africa

Abstract: To culturally adapt and validate The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) instrument for Cape Verdean elderly. Cross-sectional study, conducted with 405 elderly people from the archipelago of Cape Verde. The WHOQOL-BREF instrument was cross-culturally adapted according to international recommendations and validated for use in the Cape Verdean context through factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha. The face and content validity of the instrument was considered satisfactory after evaluation by an expert committee and pre-test. From the factor analysis, four constructs were identified: domain I-Physical, domain II-Environment, domain III-Social Relationships and domain IV-Sexuality. The instrument showed satisfactory internal consistency, with Cronbach's alpha values between 0.67 and 0.71. It is concluded that the WHOQOL-BREF - Cape Verdean version is a valid and reliable instrument to be used in the assessment of the quality of life of elderly Cape Verdeans.

Descriptors: Quality of Life, Nursing, Health of the Elderly, Validation Studies.

 

Adaptación y validación transcultural del instrumento WHOQOL-BREF para personas mayores en Cabo Verde/África

Resumen: Adaptar culturalmente y validar el instrumento The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) para ancianos caboverdianos. Estudio transversal, realizado con 405 ancianos del archipiélago de Cabo Verde. Se realizó la adaptación transcultural del instrumento WHOQOL-BREF, según recomendaciones internacionales y su validación para su uso en el contexto caboverdiano, mediante análisis factorial y alfa de Cronbach. La validez de apariencia y contenido del instrumento fue considerada satisfactoria después de la evaluación por un comité de especialistas y el pre-test.Con base en el análisis factorial, se identificaron cuatro constructos: dominio I-Físico, dominio II-Ambiente, dominio III- Relaciones sociales y dominio IV-Sexualidad. El instrumento mostró consistencia interna satisfactoria, con valores de alfa de Cronbach entre 0,67 y 0,71. Se concluye que el WHOQOL-BREF - versión caboverdiana es un instrumento válido y fiable para ser utilizado en la evaluación de la calidad de vida de los ancianos caboverdianos.

Descriptores: Calidad de Vida, Enfermería, Salud de los Ancianos, Estudios de Validación.

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Referências

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26-03-2023
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SEMEDO, D. S. dos R. C. .; PELZER, M. T. .; CABRAL, D. E. dos R.; SILVA, M. R. S. da .; SILVA, A. S. B. da . Adaptação transcultural e validação do instrumento WHOQOL-BREF para idosos de Cabo Verde/África. Revista Recien - Revista Científica de Enfermagem, [S. l.], v. 13, n. 41, p. 378–389, 2023. DOI: 10.24276/rrecien2023.13.41.378-389. Disponível em: http://recien.com.br/index.php/Recien/article/view/748. Acesso em: 12 jul. 2024.

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